Getting Efficient During the War
As more and more homes moved to gas in the late 1930s, stoves became smaller and more efficient. They would eventually become built-in to the kitchens like the cabinets, sinks, and spot for the refrigerator would be.
Lena Horne shoes off her new gas stove in 1940, which revolutionized efficiency in the kitchen as it freed up tons of space for other things and also cut down on mess, which allowed people to shrink the size of those formerly massive sinks.
The need for efficiency housing during war-time created super-simple kitchens. Here we see a defense worker coming home to her efficiency kitchen in 1941. The stove is now a built-in element as is the dishwasher.
The War Efforts took many women out of the home for the first time as they assumed every job imaginable to fill in for soldiers. This sparked a huge boom of skills among women and they sought to apply much of the efficiency they saw at their jobs back in their homes. This created more and more functionality in the kitchens and enabled multiple people to work at once.
At the same time, kitchens became where most families would eat. This is a great photo of the kitchen in home of Sam Lontine, miner. Puritan Camp, Erie, Colorado. We certainly ate most of our meals in a similar setting!